FIRST:  The name of this corporation is:  THE INTERNATIONAL ACADEMY OF TRIAL JUDGES.

SECOND:  The purposes for which this corporation is formed are:
(a)  The specific and primary purpose is to gather together trial judges of the United States of America and other nations for the interchange of information and the pursuit of the methods and means of improving the administration of justice.
(b)  The general purposes and powers are:

(1)  To buy, lease, rent or otherwise acquire,  hold, or use, own, enjoy, sell, exchange, lease as lessor, mortgage, deed in trust, pledge, encumber, transfer on trust, or otherwise dispose of any and all kinds of property, whether real, personal, or mixed and to receive property by devise or bequest;
(2)  To borrow money and to contract debts, to issue bonds, notes, and other evidences of indebtedness, and to secure them by any or all of the property of this corporation, or to issue them unsecured;
(3)  To enter into, make, perform, and carry out contracts of every kind for any lawful purpose and without limit on amount with any person, firm, or corporation, and
(4)  To have and to exercise all the powers conferred by the California General Nonprofit Corporation Law on nonprofit corporations, as that law is now in effect or may at any time hereafter be amended.

Notwithstanding any of the above statements of purposes and powers, this corporation shall not engage in activities that in themselves are not in furtherance of the purposes set forth in paragraph (a) of this Article SECOND, and nothing contained in the foregoing statement of purposes shall be construed to authorize this corporation to carry on any activity for the profit of its members, or to distribute any gains, profits, or dividends to any of its members as such.

​THIRD:  This corporation is organized under the General Nonprofit Corporation Law of the State of California.

FOURTH:  The County in this State where the principal office for the transaction of business is to be located in Los Angeles County.

FIFTH:  The number of directors of this corporation shall be three, and the names and addresses of the persons who are to act as the first Directors are:

William B. Keene, 435 29th Street, Manhattan Beach, CA 90266
Ralph Drummond, 4029 Sunbridge Road, Pebble Beach, CA 93953
Raymond Choate, 1211 5th Street, Manhattan Beach, CA 90266

The number of directors may be fixed or changed from time to time only by amendment of the Articles of Incorporation, adopted by the Board of Directors and by the vote or written assent of a majority of the members of the corporation entitled to exercise a majority of the voting power or a vote of a majority of a quorum at a meeting of the members called pursuant to the bylaws.

SIXTH:  The authorized number and qualification of members of this corporation, the different classes of membership,if any, the voting and other rights and privileges of members, and their liability to dues and assessments and the method of collection thereof, shall be as set forth in the bylaws.

SEVENTH:  This corporation is not organized, nor shall it be operated, for pecuniary gain or profit, and it does not contemplate the distribution of gains, profits, or dividends to its members, and is organized solely for nonprofit purposes.  The property, assets, profits and net income of this corporation are irrevocably dedicated toward the improvement of the administration of justice and no part of the profits or net income of this corporation shall ever inure to the benefit of any individual.  On dissolution, any assets remaining after payment of debts and liabilities shall be distributed to a nonprofit fund, foundation or corporation organized for the same purposes.

EIGHTH:  The name of the unincorporated association that is being incorporated is THE INTERNATIONAL ACADEMY OF TRIAL JUDGES.

IN WITNESS WHEREOF, WILLIAM B. KEENE and RAYMOND CHOATE, President and Secretary, respectively, of THE INTERNATIONAL ACADEMY OF TRIAL JUDGES, the unincorporated assocation that is being incorporated by these Articles of Incorporation, have executed them this First day of February, 1974.

/s/  WILLIAM B. KEENE, President
/s/  RAYMOND CHOATE, Secretary